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Basic One-step Procedure  (Also called 'formal', or 'traditional' one-steps). 

As you progress, you will move into variations of this procedure, called 'non-traditional', 'and then 'free-form' one-steps, and then into several other, more realistic set-ups and variations. There are several good reasons why we start out this way in the beginning; any questions - ask Master Hughes! In "Formal" or "Traditional"  one-step practice,  you and your partner will follow the following protocol: the patners first stand at attention facing each other, and bow on the "kyungnae" command from the Test Examiner, then you will both assume Ready Stance on the "choonbee" command. T/he Test Examiner will then issue any last-minute instructions as needed and will then instruct your partner to begin. Your partner will perform a down-block/Walking stance position, and wait for you. When you are ready, tell your partner (with your kiaph) and your partner will then perform a step-punch attack for you to defend against.


Korean Martial Arts Terminology and the

meanings of some of the words we use in class:

Chung Do Kwan... 'The way of the school of the blue wave'.  This pertains to the idea of how a simple wave of water carries so much power, that even a seemingly small 12-18" high wave can knock a grown man off his feet.The gist of how we move, carries that idea over into everything we do, so that even a child or a petite woman, can demonstrate (and deliver) much more power than anyone would normally expect them to.

General Korean Martial Arts Terms:

Chung - Blue Wave

Do - the way of

Kwan - School

Kwon - Fist

Dojang - Training hall (Dojo in Japanese Karate)

​Do bak - Uniform (Gi in Japanese Karate)

Hyung - Pattern, or Form (Kata in Japanese Karate)


Charyot - Come to attention

Kyung Nyae - Bow

Choon Bee - Assume Ready Stance

Sejak -  Begin

Porrow - Stop, come back to ready

Sheh - Rest

Gu mon - Stop

Technical Terms:

Jirugi - Punch (sometimes seen as Jirigi)

Chagi - Kick

Ahp Chagi - Front Kick

Bandhal Chagi - Crescent Kick

Dollyo Chagi - Turning Kick

Yop Chagi - Side Piercing Kick

Chigi - Strike

Magkhi - Block

​Sudo Maghki - Double Knife-Hand Guarding Block

NOTE: The Korean language is a complicated, multi-faceted language, with two main dialects, and many adapted Chinese and Japanese words. When Romanticized (translated into literal English words), it's not as hard as it seems - you simply pronounce the word the way it looks. As an example... the word for 'begin' (Sejak) is pronounced just the way it looks in print: "Say-jack".

It really is that simple to use the parts of the Korean language that

we use in class! So 'Yop Chagi" becomes "yop-cha-gee', and so on.

4-A          Block

4-A     Block


Remember - the judges are not out to get you! They want to give you the chance to show what you've learned, and the opportunity to demonstrate your ability to use those new skills in applicable situations/scenarios. We are fortunate, in that we have been able to create and maintain friendly relationships with other schools in our local area, and at distant locations as well. That means that you are able to have visiting judges from a very large geographic region, sit your testing boards. And sometimes, our students are lucky enough to get to test in front of well known VIP's, or famous competitors. It's a bragging right that you'll always remember, throughout your martial arts career!

The judges will never ask you anything you haven't been taught in class. As you progress through the belt ranks, the questions you get will be oriented towards your current testing rank. For example: while beginners may be asked one or two questions about what a stance is called, or how the feet should be placed... mid-ranked students will address subjects such as body-weight distribution in a particular stance, or why a particular chamber is used in a given strike or block. Candidates for Black Belt are often asked to demonstrate why one particular move is done the way it is, or how that move works.

When you are advanced enough to test for instructors' rank or master's rank, the questions will reflect that as well. At that time, you may be asked to demonstrate how to teach a particular technique, or the questions may evolve into explanations of the purpose for even practicng martial arts in the first place (and for those who witnessed the recent Master's Testing this past summer - you know the answer is way more complex than it sounds at first!).

4-C Second strike

White-Belt #1

Basic White Belt Self Defense requirements for your first belt rank test:

These are called "White-Belt 1 - 12".  All the ones shown on this page are the BASIC VARIATION, remember that all of these have several variations (as far as footing, right/left handed attacker, moving in or moving out, and so on). You only need to know the basic 'moving in, right-handed attacker' variations for your white belt test. You'll have plenty of time to play with the other variations in class!

Please review any questions about footing, chambers and targets with Master Hughes or one of the Black Belts.

Second strike.

This begins with the same block and strike as #2

Chamber for first strike

4-B Step-Through strike

White-Belt #2

White-Belt #6 

First strike

White-Belt #5    Make sure you understand the variations of the outer hand-grab, and what they do for you!

White-Belt#4-A   The first technique that moves backwards to clear your face from attack, viewed from both sides.

Third strike

Block, and first strike.

White-Belt #3

Block and strike

White-Belt #7

At Jung Kwon Martial Arts, we are very proud of the testing requirements that have been established, to verify and certify your belt rank.  You will never be pressured to do something you are unable to do; but you will finish the day, proud of yourself and satisfied in the quality of your training. Testing at Jung Kwon is about finding new confidence, finding out how much you know, and challenging yourself to do things you never thought you could!

Third strike

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Chamber for second strike

White-Belt #4-B    Stepping through, first and second technique. Be sure you understand the various elbow strike-types!

First strike

White-Belt #8

​​​​​​​​Jung Kwon Martial Arts Asheville  

​​​​If you want to train in karate, kung fu, hapkido, Te, jiu jitsu or other arts - CDK has them all! It is the most complete martial arts training program ever devised!​​​ taekwondo

The Five Tenets of Traditional Tae Kwon Do:





Indomnitable Spirit

White-Belt #9-12 will be added shortly.


These are memory aides for our students;

Pay attention to the captions, not all moves are shown (first, it's redundant, second, it's space-consuming, third - you need to know them before you can practice them)!

Important reminder: when practicing at home, be sure you remember to use the "inside/outside chamber" rule for hand techniques, proper hand rotation, and most importantly - good stances! A great technique will be less than full power and slower than full speed, if you aren't in a good, effective stance!